Difreight Blog Methods of cargo packaging from China to Ukraine

Methods of cargo packaging from China to Ukraine

Methods of cargo packaging from China to Ukraine

The main route for goods from factories, plants, and private sellers in China to Ukraine is by sea, although it can generally be considered multimodal. Our company picks up the goods from the supplier and produces packaging according to the cargo specification, taking into account the requirements and methods of logistics.

Importance of packaging

The efficiency of long-distance logistics largely depends on professionally done packaging. Competently selected technology, appropriate materials, and accurate choice of fasteners will help to preserve and deliver the cargo in full and safety, as well as protect it from unauthorized access. At the same time, many parameters are taken into account - from the weight and dimensions of the goods to the type of transport. The type of packaging allows you to form cargo units, carry out control and accounting during loading and unloading, and use the cargo volume of transport most effectively. This ensures the conditions for packaging, marking, and loading and unloading operations.

The condition of the cargo at the point of arrival largely depends on the quality of its packaging - if the sea route is relatively safe, then the delivery of goods to the land vehicle and from the port to the final point takes place by land, which is associated with many risk factors. Mechanical impact can be destructive during force majeure - road damage, car accidents, sudden braking and acceleration, descents, and sharp turns. Any of these risks inevitably transfer kinetic energy to objects in transit, thereby causing bumps and shocks. Taking into account climatic conditions and ambient temperature, humidity level, and protection from it play a significant role in minimizing risks and possible damage. It is reliable packaging that can protect the cargo from damage.

Important parameters for determining the type of packaging

Despite the fact that packaging of goods is the prerogative of the sender, our company takes responsibility for the quality and reliability of the container, its compliance with the requirements and rules of ADR before preparing the cargo for transportation. At the same time, we take into account:

  • duration of the journey, landscape, climatic conditions;
  • cargo specifics - fragile, bulk, perishable, liquid, how much it is susceptible to moisture, etc.;
  • dimensions, weight, volume, shape, tendency to deform and danger to the environment;
  • transportation by only one type of transport or multimodal logistics - for the waterway, containers with high water resistance are chosen, for air transportation, the calculation for high pressure is important;
  • for groupage cargo, the possibility of compatibility with other cargo is relevant.

Containers are divided into two main types:

1. Transport:

  • soft;
  • rigid;
  • semi-rigid;

2. Consumer.

And if the latter is important for the sale of the product, in what form it is located on the shelves of retail outlets, then the first type is used in logistics. It is the transport packaging that ensures the protection of the cargo during transportation.

General packaging requirements

In logistics, the choice of the type of packaging depends not only on the specifics of the cargo, its weight and volume, the distance of transportation, and taking into account the characteristics of the terrain. There is a general concept that has been developed for transport packaging.

Durable and resistant materials are used for packaging - plastic, wood, corrugated cardboard, etc.

The use of damaged packaging is unacceptable - cracks, holes, chips, etc.

Compliance with cleanliness and dryness is mandatory, removal of markings of previous goods, all information applied must be up-to-date.

The dimensions of the cargo and packaging must be in exact accordance - unacceptable люфт, the goods must tightly fill the internal volume, the voids are filled with special protection.

Valuable cargo is subject to sealing, all data are indicated in the accompanying documents.

Dangerous goods are packed in special containers that have certificates in accordance with ADR regulations.

Goods that require cooling and ventilation are placed in perforated containers.

In cases of possible danger of arbitrary violation of the integrity of the packaging, the container is wrapped with an additional layer of protective materials. This can be stretch film, air bubble film, scotch tape, etc. Sometimes staples are required.

When choosing packaging and planning cargo transportation, the change in weight and volume of the goods is necessarily taken into account - if the film adds a few millimeters, then pallets, boxes made of metal or wood significantly adjust these parameters. As a result, our specialists carry out measurements twice - before and after all manipulations.

Types of packaging:

Transport packaging can provide protection for any type of cargo if all parameters of the logistics algorithm are taken into account.

Rigid packaging (pallet, lathing) is made of durable materials, such as wood, or a more modern version - plastic. It is in demand for transportation of glass, ceramics, optics, office equipment, etc.

Lathing is a wooden frame surrounding the cargo and made according to the dimensions of a specific product wrapped in film or packed in corrugated cardboard.

Mesh - a wooden frame surrounding cargo and covered with film or packed in corrugated cardboard according to the dimensions of the specific goods.

Pallet siding is constructed from regular pallets with the addition of assembled pallet sides and a lid. In logistics, this type of packaging is considered the most efficient. Standard dimensions are 1.2 x 0.8 meters. The maximum cargo weight is 1 ton, and it is reusable.

Semi-rigid packaging includes barrels, various cans, cardboard, etc. Soft packaging involves the use of paper, film, bags, and others.

Advantages of cooperating with DiFreight:

We provide logistics to more than 23 countries worldwide. Our cumulative experience has allowed us to create a transparent service fully oriented towards the client, stability, and absolute fulfillment of contractual obligations without hidden services affecting the final cost.

Our specialists handle communication with Chinese suppliers, freeing the client from the search for a translator and misunderstandings related to distorted translation. We take on a full range of responsibilities:

  • Transportation.
  • Warehousing and turnover.
  • Customs clearance and declaration.

Our experts have full knowledge and skills in organizing the delivery of goods from China. All possible risks and nuances associated with the cargo movement chain from the point of departure to the final destination are taken into account, and the gained experience is concentrated to achieve maximum efficiency in fulfilling our commitments.

Still have questions? Contact us in any convenient way for you.

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